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Stress in three-syllable adjectives and verbs:
E'lectric, 'digital, 'relative, 'concentrate, volun’teer ...
Relative clauses: defining and non-defining clauses with 'who', 'that', 'which', and 'whose
Dr. Miller, who is the Head of the Department, will attend the reception.
Some people think that children whose parents allow them to use electronic devices early will have more
advantages in the future.
Words and phrases related to:
- Electronic devices that can help us learn
- Using the Internet to learn English
Digital, smartphones, electronic devices ...
I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. laptop B. tablet C. camera D. calculator
2. A. device B. Internet C. excellent D. desktop
3. A. download B. knowledge C. allow D. however
4. A. studies B. projects C. students D. books
5. A. distracted B. communicated C. promoted D. performed
II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
1. A. educate B. understand C. recognize D. concentrate
2. A. important B. national C. effective D. successful
3. A. introduce B. recommend C. clarify D. interact
4. A. digital B. electric C. horrible D. personal
5. A. remember B. memorize C. dedicate D. itemize
III. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following sentences.
1. Educational technology encompass several domains, including learning theory, computer-based training,
online learning, and, where mobile technologies are used, m-learning.
2. According to the latest Speak Up survey, sixty percent of students are using mobile devices for anytime
A B C
research, 43 percent for educational games and 40 percent for collaborating with their peers.
3. The use of electronic devices and resources in the classroom is part of the daily activity for lecturers and
A B C D
4. In order to properly prepare your students for the future as they transition into the workforce, incorporating
A B C
mobile technology in the classroom is the key to.
5. If students are really excited and engaged in learning inside of the classroom, they are likely to continue to
learn outside of the classroom and they can do so with mobile technology.
IV. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following sentences.
1. Electronic devices are becoming ____ common in educational environment.
A. increase B. increasing C. increasingly D. increased
2. In ____ as well as in sciences, students use computers or equivalent devices to do research and write papers.
A. humans B. humankind C. humanity D. humanities
3. Students and teachers ____ can benefit from using electronic devices in the classroom, a new study has found.
A. like B. unlike C. alike D. dislike
4. The study, published in the Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, has concluded that, used in the right way, tablet PCs can be of ____ great use in this particular educational discipline.
A. a B. an C. the D. no article
5. The research noted that the tablets could provide distractions, since students could access material ____ with their courses.
A. connect B. connected C. unconnected D. disconnected
6. Technology is an integral part of our society and ____ major contributor towards education.
A. a B. an C. the D. no article
7. If you are a student from this decade, then it is obvious that you have encountered technology, ____ in the form of smartphone or laptop.
A. whether B. either C. neither D. which
8. According to a research study, public schools in the United States provide at least one computer ____ every five students.
A. to B. with C. by D. for
9. According to some researchers, the emphasis in education in the next few years would be ____ the development of student's computer skills.
A. to B. at C. on D. with
10. Language teaching is one area ____ technology has taken over and improved the ways of learning.
A. which B. that C. where D. when
11. The digital medium ____ the students to collaborate with their teachers through video and audio methods.
A. help B. is helping C. has helped D. helped
12. With the ____ of technological devices in the classroom, the learning output has become cost effective.
A. aim B. presence C. benefit D. compliments
13. Students can only use technological devices to complete their work ____ investment on notebooks and books.
A. rather than B. instead of C. but for D. in case
14. Teachers can use smart board to help engage students by giving them visual tools, ____ can keep the students attentive in the classroom.
A. so B. that C. which D. such
15. When people think of the technological device in the classroom, the iPad is ____ comes to mind.
A. which B. that C. what D. it
16. Online learning gives you full flexibility to accomplish your goals ____ you can access and learn anything you want, anytime you want.
A. that B. because C. so D. which
17. Small studies indicate improvements to active learning and student engagement with content through the use of Twitter ____ requires personal electronic devices for students.
A. it B. who C. which D. what
18. Teachers can also help their students to learn complicated applications on electronic devices as a way of making it easier ____ students to learn and also make the teacher's job easier.
A. with B. to C. by D. for
19. Teachers can tell their students to use mobile apps like "PIAZZA” to access course materials and also to post questions about specific subjects, all ____ can be done in the classroom or outside the classroom.
A. this B. what C. which D. how
20. Using a projector, teachers can display visual images on smart interactive white boards, ____ improves the learning process.
A. that B. what C. which D. why
21. Those in ____ of banning laptops in classrooms like to demonstrate how handwritten notes lead to better learning compared to notes taken on a computer.
A. search B. light C. view D. favour
22. Supporters of technology in the classroom say that using laptops, tablets, and cellphones in the classroom keeps students ____.
A. engage B. engages C. engaging D. engaged
23. While some believe digital devices make for greater connections for students, there are also those ____ believe too much time with digital devices disconnects students from face-to-face social activities, family communications, and nature.
A. who B. whom C. which D. whose
24. "How do you use the Internet for your science study?" – “____”
A. Searching for information B. Watching my favorite cartoons
C. Listening to music D. Keeping contacts with my professors
25. "Which is more useful for you in class: a laptop or a tablet?" – “____”
A. I prefer a laptop, as I can type more easily. B. Nothing to do with that
C. Well, don't mention it. D. You can never imagine how I like it.
26. More and more schools are starting to invest ____ iPads for classrooms, as they see that it can have multiple benefits for learning, even though the investment is quite large.
A. for B. to C. in D. at
27. Parents and educators are always looking for new learning tools to help students reach their academic potential, and a recent study ____ that a basic laptop could be just such a tool.
A. suggest B. suggests C. suggested D. has suggested
28. When students have laptops, they can type their notes ____ into a document.
A. direct B. directly C. direction D. directing
29. Students that learn to type efficiently and use basic computer functions such as word processing, email and web browsing have a significant advantage ____ students that have no knowledge of computers.
A. over B. above C. against D. to
30. A benefit of sing laptops in the classroom is that they can help students stay ____ and remember school work.
A. organize B. organizing C. organized D. organization
V. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following sentences.
1. Tablets connect all major stakeholders: students, parents and teachers.
A. those who show the same feeling B. those who work cooperatively with others
C. those who do the same school task D. those who get involved in the same matter
2. Notwithstanding the long-term benefits, tablets are pretty costly.
A. similarly B. in spite of C. along with D. otherwise
3. Students will find all academic assignments via the class blog their teachers create to post assignments.
A. by means of B. in terms of C. by the way D. in search of
4. Having digital textbooks on their mobile devices keeps students more organized and gives them easy access to their materials.
A. in a way that is effective, ordered and sensible
B. in a way that is easy, convenient and effective
C. in a way that is poorly-planned and impractical
D. in a way that is traditional, familiar and friendly
5. Big classrooms are characterized by endless noise, so teachers can resort to wireless digital microphones which will transmit the voice to the loud speakers and every student will hear their teacher clearly.
A. take advantage of B. make use of C. have a way of D. find a use for
VI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences.
1. Unlike traditional learning, the e-learning is flexible for the students as well as for the teachers.
A. The e-learning is more flexible for the students and the teachers than traditional learning.
B. The students' e-learning is more flexible than the teachers' traditional learning.
C. The e-learning for the students is more flexible than traditional learning for the teachers.
D. The students use more flexible e-learning than traditional learning used by the teachers.
3. Some conservative educators are concerned with the tablet being a major distraction.
A. Some conservative educators do not like the tablet because it is a major distraction.
B. Some conservative educators do not approve of using the tablet as it is a major distraction.
C. The tablet is considered a major distraction by some conservative educators.
D. The tablet being a major distraction is of concern to some conservative educators.
4. Textbooks can't provide students with the latest information as a mobile device can.
A. Textbooks do not provide students with information later than can a mobile device.
B. The information provided by textbooks is not later than that provided by a mobile device.
C. Textbooks can't provide students with as new information as a mobile device can.
D. The information provided by textbooks is newer than that provided by a mobile device.
5. By allowing mobile devices in school, educators help students expand learning outside of the classroom.
A. Allowed to use mobile devices in school, students are also able to expand their learning outside of the classroom.
B. Educators helped students expand their learning outside of the classroom by allowing mobile devices in school.
C. To help students expand their learning outside the classroom, educators allowed using mobile devices in schools.
D. Allowing the use of mobile device in school is the best way of expanding students' learning outside the classroom.
VII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences given.
1. The influence of technology in classroom is spreading to a mass number of students. The students have started adopting the new methods of technology in their studies.
A. The students who have started adopting the new methods of technology in their studies influence a mass number of other students in the classroom.
B. The influence of technology in classroom is spreading to a mass number of students who have started adopting the new methods of technology in their studies.
C. Having been influenced by the technology in classroom, a mass number of students started adopting the new methods of technology in their studies.
D. Starting to adopt the new methods of technology in their studies, a mass number of students have spread the influence of technology in classroom.
2. Now teachers are making continuous efforts to make the classroom a good place to learn and succeed. They are aiming towards making the education attractive and sensible.
A. Now teachers who are aiming towards making the education attractive and sensible are making continuous efforts to make the classroom a good place to learn and succeed.
B. Making continuous efforts to make the classroom a good place to learn and succeed, teachers are now aiming towards making the education attractive and sensible.
C. As now teachers are making continuous efforts to make the classroom a good place to learn and succeed, they are aiming towards making the education attractive and sensible.
D. Now teachers are making continuous efforts to make the classroom a good place to learn and succeed so that they are aiming towards making the education attractive and sensible.
3. The digital learning opportunities make students self-reliant. The students can study without the teachers.
A. The digital learning opportunities make students self-reliant because they can study without the teachers.
B. The digital learning opportunities make students study without the teachers and become self-reliant.
C. The students can study without the teachers because the digital learning opportunities have made them self-reliant.
D. Being able to study without the teachers, the students are more self-reliant thanks to the digital learning opportunities.
4. Digital learning is making the students self-confident and independent. The students are now able to structure their own learning program.
A. Digital learning can help students structure their own learning program to make them self-confident and independent.
B. To be able to structure their own learning program, students must learn to be self-confident and independence digitally.
C. Digital learning is making the students self-confident and independent, so they are now able to structure their own learning program.
D. To become more self-confident and independent, students acquire digital learning to be able to structure their own learning program.
5. Tablets give users the ability to highlight, edit text and write notes. Yet, this does not ruin a textbook for the next user.
A. Tablets give users the ability to highlight, edit text and write notes without ruining a textbook for the next user.
B. Tablets neither give users the ability to highlight, edit text and take notes, nor does it ruin a textbook for the next user.
C. If tablets did not give users the ability to highlight, edit text and write notes, they would ruin the textbook for the next user.
D. Tablets give users the ability to highlight, edit text, and write notes so that the next user can read without ruining the text.
VIII. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Digital learning is replacing traditional educational methods more and more each day. With (1) ____ rapidly classrooms are changing, (2) ____ is best to forget methods you may remember from when you were in school and start thinking about newer teaching and learning techniques based (3) ____ digital learning tools and technologies. The inclusion of digital learning in the classrooms can (4) ____ from simply using tablets instead of paper (5) ____ using elaborate software programs and equipment as opposed to the simple pen.
This could entail using sites, services, programs, teaching tools, and technologies like study aids built for at-home 6) ____. Even social networks and communications platforms (7) ____ be used to create and manage digital assignments and agendas. (8) ____ of how much technology is integrated into the classroom, digital learning has come to (9) ____ a crucial role in education. (10) ____ empowers students by getting them to be more interested in learning and expanding their horizons.
1. A. what B. how C. that D. why
2. A. it B. that C. what D. there
3. A. by B. in C. on D. for
4. A. develop B. differ C. vary D. come
5. A. by B. to C. in D. with
6. A. use B. usage C. useful D. useless
7. A. can B. could C. will D. would
8. A. Instead B. Disregarding C. Irrespective D. Ignoring
9. A. do B. act C. take D. play
10. A. This B. That C. What D. It
IX. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Electronic devices are becoming increasingly common in educational environments. The term most commonly used for such devices is "educational technology". This is not actually a new idea, as the rewritable wax tablets, often with lined surfaces to guide novice writers used in antiquity or the blackboard itself are both instances of technological innovations to support pedagogy.
There are many different ways in which electronic devices are used in education. For example, students in STEM (science, technology, engineering medicine) fields have been making extensive use of sophisticated calculators for many years (the abacus and slide rule were non-electronic predecessors to calculators).
In humanities as well as sciences, students use computers or equivalent devices to do research and write papers.
In all fields, courses are now likely to have websites, and many instructors use course management software such as Blackboard, to post information for students, record grades, set up online discussions, and check for plagiarism.
In lecture classes, many instructors project slides or notes on a screen and may even upload lecture notes so that students can review them. Some courses are hybrid, meaning that they have a strong online component, or offered entirely online. Many courses taught in conventional lecture halls are streamed online, and may use devices such as clickers to become more interactive.
Any device (including tablets or cell phones) that instructors incorporate into a learning environment functions as educational technology.
1. According to the passage, the term "educational technology" refers to ____.
A. electronic devices used in education B. the rewritable wax tablets used in STEM
C. sophisticated calculators D. course management software
2. The word "instances" mostly means ____.
A. special types B. typical cases C. excellent chances D. right occasions
3. The word "extensive" in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.
A. great B. maximum C. full D. poor
4. The word "they" in the passage refers to ____.
A. classes B. instructors C. students D. courses
5. According to the passage, which of the following does NOT function as educational technology?
A. the blackboard B. the abacus C. the tablet D. the cellphone
X. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Cell phones are an integrated part of our society at this point, and their main use is communication. They keep students in touch with the rest of the world by giving them the power to interact with it. In my day, if you forgot your lunch you were at the mercy of the office calling home for you. Now, students have the ability to solve their own problems and handle certain "emergencies" on their own.
Cell phones also allow students the ability when the time is right, to keep in touch with students at other schools or friends that don't go to school. While not an educational benefit directly, better relationships can lead to higher self-esteem and reduce isolation, which is good for everybody. In the same way, camera phones allow students to capture the kinds of memories that help build a solid school culture, and, in some cases, can act as documentation of misbehavior in the same way that store cameras provide evidence and deter bad behavior.
Academically, the cell phone can act as to record video of a procedure of explanation that may need to be reviewed later. It could be used to record audio of a lecture, as well, for later review. And just imagine if class could be easily "taped" for students who are absent? What if they could even be streamed and seen from home instantly?
The iPod is a little trickier, because its function varies greatly by model. At its heart, it is a media player, and I know for a fact that many students work better while listening to music. For this reason, they can have a good effect by keeping students from getting too distracted while working (ironic, because we mostly think of them AS distractions!). If it is a WIFI compatible model, and wireless internet is available, the iPod can be a great tool for looking up information or digging into things more deeply. Depending on the model, it may be able to act as a camera and video recorder as well (with the same benefits as the cell phone).
Devices like the Kindle could, conceivably, make learning a lot easier. Imagine carrying all your textbooks in the palm of your hand, rather than strapped to your back! Though expensive, compared to buying new textbooks, the Kindle is a bargain. Many of the books used in high school English classes are actually FREE on the Kindle.
1. The passage mainly discusses ____.
A. how some electronic devices are used in education
B. how to use electronic devices in the classroom
C. what is the best electronic device used in education
D. which electronic device will be used as the textbooks
2. The word "it' in the passage refers to ____.
A. the power B. the world C. the rest of the world D. the main use
3. The phrase "at the mercy of" mostly means ____.
A. completely dependent on B. at request of C. thankful to D. under orders
4. According to the passage, cell phones do NOT ____.
A. help students keep in touch with their friends B. allow students to capture of memories
C. help students record audio of a lecture D. enable students to write their assignment
5. The word "which" in the passage refers to ____.
A. building better relationships B. achieving higher self-esteem
C. that relationships lead to higher self-esteem D. having higher-esteem and lower isolation
6. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "taped"?
A. recorded B. reviewed C. streamed D. seen
7. The phrase "At its heart" mostly refers to ____.
A. the main function B. the core part C. the central unit D. the best usage
8. The word "ironic" is closest in meaning to ____.
A. lucky B. special C. funny D. particular
9. Which of the following is NOT true about the iPod according to the passage?
A. The iPod can be used to make phone calls. B. The iPod can be connected to the Internet.
C. The iPod can be used to record videos D. The iPod comes in different models.
10. Which of the following is true about the kindle according to the passage?
A. The Kindle is more economical than new textbooks.
B. Everything read on the Kindle is free of charge.
C. The Kindle comes in different models as the iPod does.
D. You cannot listen to music with a Kindle.
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