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English Grade 10: Unit 10. ECOTOURISM

LANGUAGE FOCUS
Phonetics
Stress in words of more than three syllables:
Activity, 'ecotourism, electricity, environ'mental ...
Grammar
Conditional sentences types 1 and 2
You may cause a fire if you make a campfire and then leave it unattended.
These tourists wouldn't come back unless they were treated in a friendly way.
Vocabulary
Words and phrases related to the importance, benefits and principles and of ecotourism
sustainable, mass tourism ...
I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. nature                             B. natural                    C. snake                      D. cave
2. A. impact                            B. travel                      C. animal                     D. flora
3. A. environmental                B. waste                      C. entertain                 D. educate
4. A. government                    B. protection               C. consumption           D. violent
5. A. Aquarius                         B. Taurus                     C. Pisces                      D. Sagittarius
II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
1. A. ecotourism                      B. deforestation          C. contamination         D. qualification
2. A. inorganic                        B. superstitious           C. recognition                         D. sustainable
3. A. ecology                           B. equality                   C. majority                  D. ceremony
4. A. environment                   B. contribution            C. establishment          D. diversity
5. A. contaminate                    B. oxygenate               C. eliminate                 D. discriminate
III. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following sentences.
1. Wherever people go, we leave behind garbages - and even if it is left in bins, it can still create a dangerous
                                                                        A                                               B                               C
imbalance.
       D
2.  As an eco-tourist, you decide to travel in a way that show respect to nature and does not contribute to its
                        A                                 B                             C                                                             D
degradation.
3. When you meet people as you travel sustainably, mutual understanding allows all parties involved learn about
                        A                                             B                                                                 C                       D
one another.
4. Ecotourism gives us a complete different view of the world and challenges us to open our minds to different
                                                A                                 B                                                                 C
ways of thinking.
   D
5. In the tourism business, natural resources are intensively used and consumed, and tourism has major impacts
                    A                                                             B                                             C
to environment, ecosystem, economy, societies and culture.
D
19. By increasing local capacity building and employment opportunities, ecotourism is ____ effective vehicle for empowering local communities around the world to fight against poverty and to achieve sustainable development.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
20. With an emphasis ____ enriching personal experiences and environmental awareness through interpretation, ecotourism promotes greater understanding and appreciation for nature, local society, and culture.
A. to                            B. in                            C. on                           D. at
21. Infrastructure ____ to maintain attractive tourism destinations inevitably involves energy and resource consumption, putting added pressure on the local ecosystems.
A. require                    B. requires                   C. requiring                 D. required
22. Many observers feel that hunting is not ecotourism, but it ____ if it met the sustainability criterion.
A. will be                    B. would be                C. can be                     D. must
23. If the local people ____ the necessary skills to participate in the eco-tourism industry or interact with foreign tourists, the government may provide job training and education.
A. lack                         B. lack in                     C. lack of                    D. lack for
26. Fully aware of its significance, the government of Vietnam ____ ecotourism in its strategy for tourism development to ensure both sustainability and economic benefits.
A. prioritizes               B. prioritize                 C. have prioritized                  D. has prioritized
27. Though ecotourism in Vietnam is at a beginning stage of development, it ____ to grow strongly through support from government and international organizations.
A. expects                   B. is expected                         C. has expected           D. is expecting
28. In recent years, the government of Vietnam has invested ____ improving infrastructure and investigating the floral, faunal, geological, and geomorphological characteristics of national parks.
A. to                            B. in                            C. on                           D. for
29. The Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference (ESTC), organized by The International Ecotourism Society (TIES), is ____ unique annual conference focused on the advancement of sustainability goals for the tourism industry.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
30. Ecotourism is ____ by its emphasis on conservation, education, traveler responsibility and active community participation.
A. distinguished          B. distinctive               C. distinguishing                     D. distinction
V. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following sentences.






1. Some people consider the terms 'ecotourism' and 'sustainable tourism' to be an oxymoron - you can't travel in a way that helps the environment.
A. a pair of words similar in meaning                         B. a pair of words opposite in meaning
C. a pair of words closest in meaning                         D. a pair of words describing the same thing
2. Whether you call it ecotourism, green travel, responsible travel, nature travel or ethical travel, the ethos of traveling more sustainably has become an increasingly hot topic in the tourism industry over the past decade.
            A. habit                       B. practice                   C. act                           D. tendency
3. If we all take simple strides towards being more conscious of our impact on the planet, collectively we can make a world of difference.
A. together                  B. altogether               C. mutually                 D. completely
4. Ecotourism is highly suited to tourism development in unspoilt locations as it can create jobs and income without destroying or degrading the natural or cultural assets that the visitor has come to see.
A. unexplored                         B. untouched              C. unreachable            D. inaccessible
5.
VI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences.
1. Some people mistake any form of nature travel as ecotourism.
A. Any form of nature travel is sometimes mistaken as ecotourism.
B. Ecotourism can be sometimes mistaken for any form of nature travel.
C. Ecotourism can be sometimes mistaken as any form of nature travel.
D. Ecotourism is, to some people, mistaken as any form of nature travel.
2. If those areas are damaged or destroyed, they will not be available to future generations.
A. Unless those areas are not damaged or destroyed, they will be available to future generations.
B. Because those areas are damaged or destroyed, they will not be available to future generations.
C. To keep them available to future generations, those areas must not be damaged or destroyed.
D. If damaged or destroyed, those areas will not be available to future generations any longer.
3. Ecotourism can support conservation and environmental management if properly carried out.
A. As ecotourism is properly carried out, it can support conservation and environmental management.
B. In order for ecotourism to support conservation and environment management, it is properly carried out.
C. Only when properly carried out can ecotourism support conservation and environmental management.
D. Supporting conservation and environmental management, ecotourism is properly carried out.
4.
5.
VII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences given.
1. The world absolutely needs more ecotourism. It teaches travelers to be more responsible to the pristine areas of the world.
A. The world absolutely needs more ecotourism which teaches travelers to be more responsible to the pristine areas of the world.
B. The world absolutely needs more ecotourism as it teaches travelers to be more responsible to the pristine areas of the world.
C. The world absolutely needs more ecotourism so that it teaches travelers to be more responsible to the pristine areas of the world.
D. The world absolutely needs more ecotourism if it teaches travelers to be more responsible to the pristine areas of the world.
2. If you must, travel by plane. If you can avoid it, try a train instead.
A. Whenever you can travel by train instead of plane.
B. Traveling by train is much better than traveling by plane.
C. You can never avoid travelling, so take the train or the plane.
D. Instead of travelling by plane, you can travel by train.
3. Tourism allows us to do more than just learn facts about various locations. It allows us to immerse ourselves into the cultures and lifestyles of others.
A. Because tourism allows us to do more than just learn facts about various locations, it allows us to immerse ourselves into the cultures and lifestyles of others.
B. If tourism allows us to do more than just learn facts about various locations, it will allow us to immerse ourselves into the cultures and lifestyles of others.
C. Not only does tourism allow us to do more than just learn facts about various locations, it also allows us to immerse ourselves into the cultures and lifestyles of others.
D. When tourism allows us to do more than just learn facts about various locations, it allows us to immerse ourselves into the cultures and lifestyles of others.
4. Ecotourism educates visitors about environmental responsibility. Ecotourism can help raise awareness about political and social issues.
A. Ecotourism educates visitors about environmental responsibility, which can help raise awareness about political and social issues.
B. Ecotourism not only educates visitors about environmental responsibility, but it also can help raise awareness about political and social issues.
C. Ecotourism educates visitors about environmental responsibility by helping raise awareness about political and social issues.
D. Ecotourism educates visitors about environmental responsibility, hence helping raise awareness about political and social issues.
5. Poaching is a big issue in Africa. Endangered animals are often killed for a single body part that is sold illegally on the black market.
A. Poaching is a big issue in Africa where endangered animals are often killed for a single body part that is sold illegally on the black market.
B. Poaching is a big issue in Africa as endangered animals are often killed for a single body part that is sold illegally on the black market.
C. Poaching is a big issue in Africa, so endangered animals are often killed for a single body part that is sold illegally on the black market.
D. Poaching is a big issue in Africa when endangered animals are often killed for a single body part that is sold illegally on the black market.
VIII.
IX. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The biggest difference between an eco-lodge and a green hotel is the setting in which you'll find them. Eco lodges tend to be more remote, located in relatively pristine natural environments such as beaches, jungles and mountains. Green hotels, on the other hand, are more often associated with cities and towns.
Eco lodges and green hotels both emphasize elements such as environmental responsibility and minimizing negative impact. The best ones offer renewable energy sources, recycling services, eco-friendly toiletries, energy efficient lighting, locally sourced food, organic linens and towels, non-toxic cleaning supplies, non-disposable dishes, water conservation methods and various other sustainability-focused initiatives.
But eco lodges tend to be more dependent on the natural environment than green hotels. They are also generally more active in nature and wildlife conservation, more focused on educating visitors about the flora and fauna of local ecosystems, and more deeply connected with the area's indigenous culture (whose influence is often incorporated into the lodge's decor and restaurant menu).
The best eco lodges also work to ensure positive relationships with the local people. They train and employ them at fair wages, take part in community development initiatives, offer activities that help visitors conserve and appreciate local customs, and contribute to the local economy. In this way, they reinforce the notion of ecotourism as a more sustainable long-term business model than altering or destroying habitats for quick financial gains.
1. The passage mainly discusses ____.
A. what eco lodges do to the environment
B. what eco lodges are and how they work
C. how eco lodges are similar to green hotels
D. how eco lodge are better than green hotels
2. The word "ones" in the passage refers to ____.
A. eco lodges                                      B. green hotels
C. elements                                         D. eco lodges and green hotels
3. The word "initiatives" in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.
A. acts                         B. plans                       C. actions                    D. operations
4. According to the passage, all of the following are true about eco lodges EXCEPT that ____.
A. they are situated in small towns and cities
B. they create job opportunities for local people
C. they are closely connected with the local culture
D. they educate tourists about the local ecosystem
5. The word "they" in the passage refers to ____.
A. local customs                      B. visitors                    C. activities                 D. eco lodges
X. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
One of the biggest issues that eco lodges and green hotels face is the lack of a universal definition. How eco-friendly does a lodge or boutique hotel need to be to qualify? And who determines which accommodations will pass muster?
Unfortunately, some of the world's most well-known and respected "green" certification programs are cost-prohibitive for many eco lodges, which are often relatively small and owned and operated by independent entrepreneurs rather than corporations.
But there are numerous reputable certification programs that responsible travelers can look for before they book an eco lodge or hotel stay. Many - including Green Seal in the U.S. - are part of the Global Ecolabelling Network, a non-profit group comprised of 25 third - party organizations throughout the world. They are all devoted to improving, promoting and developing labelling systems for eco-friendly products and services.
Arctic Tundra Lodge in Churchill, Manitoba Sponsored in part by the United Nations World Tourism Organization, the Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC) Criteria are widely considered the gold standard in “green” certification. These criteria involve effective sustainability planning, maximizing social and economic benefits for the local community, enhancing cultural heritage, and reducing negative impacts on the environment.
Where the GSTC has guidelines for destinations, hotels and tour operators, Green Key Global is designed specifically for the lodging industry. Its flagship Eco-Rating Program, which evaluates properties on an environmental, social and economic level, has certified around 2,370 green hotels and eco lodges in 52 countries over the past 15 years.
Green Globe is another popular certification program, offering training and education for hotels/resorts, attractions, organizations, cruise ships, and various tourism industry suppliers. Their global network of independent auditors provides third-party inspection and an internationally recognized seal of approval that's become increasingly popular over the past 25 years.
1. The passage mainly discusses ____.
A. how eco lodges are universally green certified
B. that eco lodges must be globally green certified
C. why eco lodges are not universally certified
D. how to certify eco lodges around the world
2. The phrase "pass muster" in the passage mostly means ____.
A. being satisfactory        B. meeting the needs         C. reaching the limit                D. being compulsory
3. The word "cost-prohibitive" in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.
A. cheap                      B. expensive                C. bargain                    D. sale
4. The word "They" in the passage refers to ____.
A. organizations          B. travelers                  C. programs                 D. corporations
5. The word “Criteria” in the passage mostly means ____.
A. set of rules              B. set of tools              C. sets of regulations              D. set of standards
6. Which of the following belongs to the United Nations as stated in the passage?
A. Global Ecolabelling Network                                B. World Tourism Organization
C. Green Globe                                                           D. Green Key Global
7. Which of the following provides official training and education as stated in the passage?
A. Global Ecolabelling Network                                B. World Tourism Organization
C. Green Globe                                                           D. Green Key Global
8. Which of the following is concerned about eco-friendly services as stated in the passage?
A. Global Ecolabelling Network                                B. World Tourism Organization
C. Green Globe                                                           D. Eco-Rating Program
9. It can be inferred from the passage that ____.
A. a hotel/resort can obtain more than one'green' certification
B. no hotel/resort can operate without a'green' certification
C. hotels/resorts with 'green' certification charge travelers high price
D. the best hotels/resorts are those with 'green' certification
10. The best title for the passage could be ____.
A. What is an eco-lodge?                                            B. How to find a responsibly managed eco lodge

C. The greatest eco lodges around the world                         D. What makes eco lodges green?
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