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Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The costs and benefits of global warming will vary greatly from area to area. For moderate climate change, the balance can be difficult to assess. But the larger the change in climate, the more negative the consequences will become. Global warming will probably make life harder, not easier, for most people This is mainly because we have already built enormous infrastructure based on the climate we now have.
People in some temperate zones may benefit from milder winters, more abundant rainfall, and expanding crop production zones. But people in other areas will suffer from increased heat waves, coastal erosion, rising sea le more erratic rainfall, and droughts.
The crops, natural vegetation, and domesticated and wild animals (including seafood) that sustain people in a given area may be unable to adapt to local or regional changes in climate. The ranges of diseases and insect pests that are limited by temperature may expand, if other environmental conditions are also favourable.
In its summary report on the impacts of climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated, "Taken as a whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time.”
118. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Environment pollution is real.                   
B. Reasons why low-lying areas are flooded.
C. Solutions to global warming.                     
D. Reasons why global warming is a problem.
119. Which of the following is TRUE as the result of global warming?
A. All people suffer from global warming.                            
B. All people benefit from global warming.
C. Life is more difficult for the majority of people.                
D. Life is easier for most people.
120. In paragraph 1, the word “this” refers to ____.
A. harder life as a result of global warming                
B. easier life as a result of global warming
C. climate change on global scale                              
D. flood in low-lying areas
121. In paragraph 2, the word “erratic” is closest in meaning to ____.
A. predictable             
B. unpredictable                     
C. changeable             
D. unchangeable
122. According to the passage, all of the following are the results of global warming EXCEPT ____.
A. higher temperature                                                 
B. coastal erosion
C. increasing sea level                                                
D. stable rainfall
123. What may happen to diseases and insect pests as a result of global warming?
A. They will become extinct.                                     
B. They will increase in number.
C. They will not harm our planet.                              
D. They will be under good control.
Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The Amazon rainforest is home to more than a third of all the world's species of plants, birds and animals. Twenty per cent of all the birds in the world live in the rainforest. Scientists have discovered thousands of types of plants and animals that can only be found there. There are thousands - probably millions more that we haven't discovered yet. There are at least 2.5 million species of insects there. Imagine what would happen if they all lost their home? It couldn't happen, could it? Unfortunately, it's happening right now. Yet, the rainforest is big. But it's getting smaller. The problem is that people are cutting down the trees, mainly to make room for cows. These provide meat and make money for their owners. This process of cutting down trees is called deforestation'.
The good news is that it is slowing down. In 2004, for example, more than 27,000 square kilometres were cut down. That's an area bigger than Wales. In 2006, because of all the campaigns to save rainforest, it dropped to just over 13,000 square kilometres. The bad news is that it's not enough. Scientists predict that by 2030, the rainforest will have become smaller by 40%. It's possible that by the end of the 21st century, the rainforest will have completely disappeared. With deforestation, thousands of the animals, birds, fish and plants that live in the Amazon rainforest lose their home, their natural habitat. Some of them move to other areas, but most of them die. Many species have already become extinct, and many more will if deforestation continues. That will change the balance of life in the rainforest and could cause enormous problems to the region's ecosystem.
There's another problem too. Trees and plants are a vital source of oxygen. If we cut them down, we lose that oxygen. But it's worse than just that. With deforestation, the trees and plants are burnt. This sends gases into the Earth's atmosphere, which stops some of the Earth's heat escaping. That then leads to the temperature here on the ground going up. This increase in the world's temperature is called 'global warming', and most scientists believe it's a very serious issue. If they stopped deforestation, it might help prevent global warming.
124. Which title best summarises the main idea of the passage?
A. Chances for owners of cow ranches                      
B. Threats to Amazon rainforest
C. Global warming effects                                         
D. Habitat destruction
125. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. A fifth of all the birds in the world live in the rainforest.
B. 20% of all the animals in the world live in the rainforest.
C. Nearly two million species of insects are found in the Amazon rainforest.
D. Nearly half of the world's species of plants grow there.
126. In paragraph 1, the word "room” is closest in meaning to ____.
A. chamber                 
B. flat                         
C. area                        
D. studio
127. In paragraph 2, the word "it” refers to ____.
A. room                      
B. process                   
C. rainforest                
D. deforestation
128. According the passage, which of the following is TRUE about Amazon rainforest?
A. It has become smaller by 40%.                              
B. The deforestation is decreasing.
C. 25% of animal species are extinct now.                 
D. The deforestation is under control.
129. In paragraph 2, the word “enormous” is closest in meaning to ____.
A. serious                   
B. important               
C. common                 
D. insignificant
130. What might help to restrain global warming?
A. increasing deforestation                                         
B. stabilising deforestation
C. ceasing cutting down trees                         
D. clearing more trees for farming

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==> Tất tần tật kiến thức Tiếng Anh 11
==> Tìm hiểu kiến thức Tiếng Anh 11 - UNIT 6
English, English 11, Học tiếng Anh, Kiến thức, Kiến thức THPT, Lớp 11, Tiếng Anh, Tiếng anh 11,

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