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Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
11. We need to cut down on the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
A. intake              
B. retake              
C. uptake             
D. discharge
12. Land erosion is mainly caused by widespread deforestation.
A. afforestation    
B. reforestation    
C. logging           
D. lawn mowing
13. In the past, a lot of countries denied having contributed to global warming.
A. agreed             
B. refuted             
C. approved                  
D. avoided
14. Most people admit that they contribute to global warming.
A. be partly responsible for               
B. disapprove                
C. neglect            
D. cause
15. We must admit that people are heavily polluting the environment.
A. decline             
B. rebut               
C. deny                
D. accept
16. In the polluted environment, infectious diseases can be passed easily from one person to another.
A. fatal                
B. safe                           
C. contagious                
D. immune
17. Global warming has severe impact on water supplies.
A. very good                  
B. very bad          
C. normal            
D. long-lasting
18. Global warming occurs when the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap the heat from the sun.
A. catch               
B. discharge                  
C. dispose            
D. release
19. Such unhygienic conditions encourage the spread of diseases.
A. decline             
B. stability           
C. decrease          
D. increase
20. Deforestation is one of the biggest environmental threats to the ecological balance in the world.
A. sureties            
B. certainties                 
C. dangers           
D. safety
21. As fossil fuel resources are running out, it is important for the government to find some types of alternative energy.
A. irreplaceable   
B. substitute                   
C. impossible                 
D. practical
22. Local people have cut down the forests to make way for farming.
A. allow farming to take place          
B. lose way in farming
C. have a way of farming                           
D. give way to farming
23. Because farmers had been informed about the bad effects of chemical fertilisers, they started using them sparingly on their farms.
A. carelessly                  
B. moderately                
C. recklessly                   
D. irresponsibly
24. Global warming is one of the biggest issues facing humans nowadays.
A. causes             
B. factors             
C. concerns                   
D. agreements
25. The biggest cause of global warming is carbon dioxide emissions from coal burning power plants.
A. fauna              
B. flora                
C. trees                
D. factories
26. Global warming effects on people and nature are catastrophic.
A. destructive                 
B. constructive     
C. evaluative                 
D. creative
27. Coal burning releases a large amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
A. discourages     
B. reduces            
C. relaxes             
D. discharges
28. The demand for cars is increasing rapidly in the modern world.
A. need                
B. offer                
C . reply               
D. discovery
29. Forests absorb and capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
A. take up            
B. take in             
C. take over                   
D. take to
30. The process of forests absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere has been disrupted by the current alarming rate of deforestation.
A. discussed                   
B. discovered                 
C. disturbed                  
D. distributed
31. Flood and drought are two major causes of famine.
A. family              
B. obesity             
C. hygiene           
D. hunger
32. Water shortages are likely to delay economic growth and damage ecosystems.
A. aid                            
B. advance           
C. deter                
D. defer
33. It is important to maintain the biological diversity of the rainforests.
A. similarity         
B. identity            
C. variety             
D. compatibility
34. We may help if we cut down on energy use by using LED lightbulbs and unplug unused electronic devices.
A. reuse               
B. reduce             
C. recycle             
D. reproduce
35. Reusing and recycling glass, plastic, paper and other products help to reduce waste and pollution, and conserve natural resources.
A. preserve          
B. reserve             
C. converse          
D. reverse
36. The thick layer of global warming gases keeps more heat from the sun, which leads to the increase in the earth temperature.
A. catches            
B. releases           
C. allows             
D. loses
37. Global warming results in climate change and extreme weather patterns.
A. results from     
B. causes             
C. originates                 
D. is due to
38. Our city is going to ban supermarkets from using plastic bags.
A. reduce             
B. encourage                 
C. prohibit           
D. allow
39. Many species are threatened with extinction due to deforestation and loss of habitat.
A. damaged                   
B. spoilt               
C. treated             
D. endangered
40. It is important to raise money to help people who have to suffer consequences of global warming.
A. collect              
B. donate             
C. sponsor           
D. contribute
41. Everyone should remember to switch off the lights before going out.
A. go off              
B. turn off            
C. take off            
D. log off
42. We may help to control global warming by reducing carbon footprints in our homes.
A. putting up with
B. getting down to         
C. cutting down on                  
D. going back to

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==> Tất tần tật kiến thức Tiếng Anh 11
==> Tìm hiểu kiến thức Tiếng Anh 11 - UNIT 6
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